Should each working set be at maximal effort every workout? There are many schools of thought here but the short answer is - no! Though a novice lifter may attempt their 1rpm max every single workout, they eventually plateau and we are often faced with the fact that your 1rpm changes day-to-day, week-to-week, and so on. With exception to newbie gains and PEDS, your body simply cannot achieve the same numerical level of greatness each workout - not forever.

Testosterone Cypionate is more prone to supersaturation when compared with Testosterone Enanthate.  This makes it more susceptible to crystallization under certain preventable circumstances, explained in more detail later.

Manufacturers of cypionate globally provide the universal advice to inspect your testosterone medication for crystal particulate matter before administering.  If crystals are present, they recommend warming the solution and shaking to dissolve.  Investigation reports have reassuringly confirmed that this process doesn’t negatively affect the testosterone in any way.

One thing is clear – without the proper guidance, the right rep range is UNCLEAR. When most start lifting, chances are good they are not following a program. If you are, you might have all your ducks in a row, making progress, as your bros just keep repping and repping over and over. 
Blood Flow Restriction, often referred to as “BFR”, has become increasingly popular over the last few years as a different way to train for hypertrophy. Its efficacy, under this application, has been a topic under debate for decades. Few have heard of it and fewer have tried it. 
The last 10 years of technological innovation has really help put Bodybuilding back on the radar. Though, Bodybuilding has always been a thriving industry, the advent of social media and smart phones have given the newest generation of bodybuilders more media coverage than the older guys could ever get. 

Nowadays alcohol consumption in western countries is considerably increasing. Also after sport events and not only the public drinks, the athletes themselves like to drink to victory.

You’ve probably heard that alcohol calories will make you fat and that beer causes beer bellies. You may have heard that alcohol consumption negatively affects your metabolism and testosterone production, or even that it hampers protein synthesis.

Every now and then, a drug is becoming a “Hot topic”. In the first month of this year Andreas Cahling posts about the new YouTube clip from Jerry Brainum: "Why are bodybuilders suddenly talking about using this illegal Russian drug known as Phenibut?

From Beauty Queen to Fighter

I was reading a muscle magazine and I read about Whitney Miller who is a very unusual girl in the Fitness industry. She was Miss Texas 2012, and subsequently Miss United States 2012, but not only she is also a professional wake surfer, a Fitness model and a TV host.

That’s all nice and beautiful but why would I write a blogpost about her? Well after her beauty contests she took up kickboxing to stay in shape. Then she made the decision to pursue a career in combat sports. From Brazilian jiu-jitsu to MMA and in 2016 she made her amateur boxing debut against River Fuller.

And she not only good looking but also very open on her unusual recreational and supplemental drug use. On the net you can find many interviews with her and I combined some to a i.m.o. nice overview.

In every gym you can find people that go through their training routine with the same exercises, repetitions and sets. With all the well paid top athletes it is only normal that our scientific community studies the best number of sets – repetitions and intensity, to meet the different goals of the athletes. Of course most gymgoers also have ideas on this subject.

Recently Nolvadex (tamoxifen) has become a bad reputation, especially since some moderators and discussionboard members copy paste articles, that contain alarming percentages about high decreases in IGF-1 and free testosterone after tamoxifen usage. This coupled with spectacular increases in adipose tissue.

But is that true? What we know is that Old School bodybuilders used Nolvadex and Clomid during their cycle and in the PCT. Thus is tamoxifen aka nolva that bad? Let’s take a closer look.